A town in
Ukraine. It may be assumed that the first Jews settled in
Sarny in 1901. After Sarny acquired the status of a town in May 1903 its Jewish
community developed rapidly. during the Civil War after the end of World War I,
the Jews of Sarny did not suffer from the pogroms in Ukraine and the community
aided refugees and orphans from other places. In independent
Poland, after Sarny was made the district capital in 1921, the city developed
further. The Jewish population numbered 2,808 in 1921 (470f the total), 3,414
(45) in 1931, and 4,950 (45) in 1937. A Tarbut school was founded in 1920 - 21,
and an ORT school in 1923 - 24. There were also a talmud torah, and
several haddarim. On the outbreak of World War II preparations were under
way for opening a Hebrew high school.
Until the early 1920s zaddikim of the Karlin -
Stolin hasidic dynasty lived in Sarny, and later continued to visit it.
After the outbreak of World War II many refugees arrived in Sarny, and by 1941
the number of Jews there had risen to 7,000. During the Soviet occupation (1939
- 41) the Jewish institutions were disbanded. The 2,000 refugees from the German
- occupied western Poland were transferred to the Soviet interior. The Germans
occupied Sarny on July 5, 1941, and immediately began persecution of the Jews
there, indiscriminate murder, seizure of able - bodied people for
forced labor, and extortion of large sums of money. On the Day of Atonement
(Oct. 1, 1941) they rounded up the Jews in Sarny for a census and ordered them
to wear the yellow badge instead of a white band with a blue Star of David.
Before America, a trip back to Sarny
Sarny Yiskor Book
Cemetery Information on Sarny
The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and during the
JewishGen Sarny Information
JewishGen Volhynia Information
A ghetto was established in April 1942, and a few weeks later the Jewish
community was forced to pay a "fine" of 250,000 rubles ($50,000). On Aug. 27 -
28, 1942, the Germans began to "liquidate" the community with the murder of
approximately 14,000 Jews of Sarny and its vicinity. A group headed by two Jews,
one called Mendel, the other Tendler, attempted to break out of the ghetto but
were betrayed by the secretary of the
Judenrat. Several hundred managed to escape but many were later murdered by the
Ukrainians, and only a few managed to join partisan units.
©1972, Keter Publishing House Jerusalem Ltd
There are two known Holocaust mass grave sites in Sarny for at
least two Aktions.
JewishGen Cemetery Project
SARNY II: (US Commission No. UA17240501)
The mass grave is located at W, near military unit fences in the forest. The
Jewish mass grave was dug in 2-4 April 1942. Berezhnitsa Jews
(15 km away) were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated wooded
flat land has signs or plaques in local language mentioning the Holocaust.
Reached by forest near fence of military unit, access is open to all. A broken
fence with no gate surrounds the mass grave. 1 to 20 stones, all in original
location with none toppled or broken, date from 20th century. No stones were
removed. Some tombstones have metal fences around graves. The site contains
marked mass graves. Municipality owns site used for mass burial site. Properties
adjacent are forest and military unit. The mass grave boundaries is larger now
than 1939. Organized individual tours visit occasionally. This mass grave has
not been vandalized. Local/municipal authorities erected stones and cleared
vegetation. Authorities clean or clear occasionally. Within the limits of the
mass grave are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem,
preventing access. Serious threat: uncontrolled access (Caretaker is needed and
possible.) Moderate threat: weather erosion, pollution, vegetation, vandalism,
and existing nearby and proposed development.
SARNY III: (US Commission No. UA17240502)
The mass grave is located at W, in forest near military unit (petrol clear
section.) The Ashkenazy Hasidic Jewish mass grave was dug 27-28 August
1942. Berezhnitsa Jews (15 km away) were murdered at this unlandmarked
mass grave. The isolated wooded flat land has signs or plaques in local language
mentioning the Holocaust. Reached along fence of military unit, access is open
to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the mass grave. 1 to 20 common
tombstones, all in original location with none toppled or broken, date from
1995. No stones were removed. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality
owns site used for mass burial sites (2.) Properties adjacent are military unit.
The mass grave boundaries is larger now than 1939. Rarely, organized individual
tours visit. The mass grave was vandalized during World War II and not in the
last ten years. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones.
Authorities clean or clear occasionally. Within the limits of the mass grave are
no structures. Serious threat: uncontrolled access (Uncontrolled access.
Possible vandalism. (Need fences and caretaker.) Moderate threat: weather
erosion. Slight threat: pollution, vegetation and vandalism.
SARNY I: (US Commission No. UA17240101)
The cemetery is located at NW, Paris Komunny St. stadium. Present town
population is 25,001-100,000 with fewer than 10 Jews. The earliest known Jewish
Community was 19th century. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 2808. Effecting
Jewish Community were Khmelnitskiy's pogroms and World War I. The unlandmarked
Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century with last known Hasidic
burial 1955. The suburban flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no
sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and Parizhskoy
Komuny Street, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the
cemetery. No stones are visible OR The cemetery has only common tombstones.
Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass
graves. Municipality owns site used for recreational use (park, playground, and
sports.) Property adjacent is hospital. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now
than 1939 because of hospital. Local residents visit rarely. The cemetery was
not vandalized in the last ten years. There is no maintenance. Within the limits
of the cemetery are no structures. Serious threat: proposed nearby development
(possible widening of stadium.) Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather
erosion, pollution, vegetation, vandalism and existing nearby development.
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